Czech Republic, also known as Czechia, consists of 14 administrative regions and the discrete city with regional status – Prague. Czech Republic is a landlocked country, sharing its borders with: Germany to the West, Austria to the South, Slovakia to the East and Poland to the Northeast.
10,610,947 inhabitants in year 2017 (ranked 84th)
: 78,866 km2 (ranked 115th)
The local currency is called koruna česká (CZK), which means Czech crown.
1€ = 25,77 CZK. Thie country is legally bound to adopt the euro currency in the future, but Czechs are sceptical about implementing euro currency in their country. Currently, the following coins are used: 1 koruna, 2 koruny, 5 koruny, 10 koruny, 20 koruny, 50 koruny. Banknotes have face value: 100 korun, 200 korun, 500 korun, 1000 korun, 2000 korun, 5000 korun. At the moment, the VAT rate in the Czech Republic is 20%. A reduced rate of 14% is used for food and housing. The VAT is always included in the announced rates. Nevertheless, in restaurants and bars it is common to leave a tip for the staff.
The Czech Republic has a temperate continental climate, with warm summers and cold, cloudy and snowy winter. Average temperatures in January range from -1 to -3 ° C, and in July 18-19°C. The average annual rainfall is 500-700 mm. In mountainous areas, there is a harsh climate with an average annual temperature of about 4 ° C and rainfall of the order of 1200 mm.
Sněžka (1,603 m) is the highest summit, the average temperature is only −0.4 °C, while in the low-lying of the South Moravian Region, the average temperature is as high as 10 °C. The country’s capital – Prague, has a similar average temperature, though this is due to urban area surroundings. The coldest months are usually December, January, February. In March and April and May the temperature is starting to increase rapidly.
The best times for going to Czech Republic
The touristic period in Czech Republic starts in Spring nevertheless the winter time is also busy considering the ski resorts in Sudety. Decent conditions for skiing and reasonable prices are attracting the tourists from its neighbour countries. The most popular ski resorts are: Špindleruv Mlýn-Svatý Petr, Horní Mísečky, Rokytnice nad Jizerou, Harrachov, Černá hora – Janské Lázně.
The magnet attracting millions of foreign tourists is Prague, a city full of world-class monuments. Because of its beauty, the city is full of tourists from all over the world during the whole year.
Tourist Seasons in Czech Republic:
- Very high season: May, June, July, August and September.
- High season: October, April.
- Low season: November, December, January, February and March.
- The touristic season in Prague last during the entire year.
Despite the fact that spring and summer are the most touristic time in Czech Republic, the autumn is the period when to the biggest cities such as Prague, Brno, Pilzeň, Ostrava, Olomouc, Karlovy Vary, Mladá Boleslav are receiving the big number of the international students who are coming to study i.e. Erasmus programme exchange.
Phone and Internet
Since 2017, there are no more roaming charges in Europe. With the introduction of the “Roam-Like-At-Home-Principle” you can surf at home prices throughout the EU. Hereby, the new roaming rules apply to both contract and prepaid rates. Restrictions apply to users who use mobile data, surf or text more than 90 days in other EU countries, and not just on occasional trips. If you are planning to move to Czech Republic for a longer period of time it is reasonable. In this case you can easily purchase a Czech SIM card from one of the three main providers (T-Mobile, O2 and Vodafone).
For international calls:
- From Czech Republic to UK: 00 + 44 + city code + number of the correspondent.
- From UK to Czech Republic: 00 + 4200 + number of the correspondent.
The emergency dial is 112 (no area code needed). This number can always be reached, even with a mobile without a Czech SIM card. The number for emergencies can be reached from pay phones, without a phone card nor money. Even in the case of your phone being locked or showing “no network available” the number can be reached anytime.
The Hotspots in Czech Republic which you cannot miss
Discover all the must-see Travel destinations in Czech Republic
Entry Requirements for Czech Republic
The country is a Member State of the Schengen Area. Therefore, all citizens of the EU, the Nordic Passport Union, Switzerland and Liechtenstein can enter and stay in Czech Republic without any Visa. It is however, mandatory to travel with either a valid national identification card or passport. The document should be valid for the whole duration of the stay in Czech Republic. For non-EU and non-EEA citizens, a Visa is required when entering or passing through Czech Republic (transit). Non-European have the possibility to enter Czech Republic for a duration of 90 days if they have a Schengen Visa (valid for 6 months). After the 90 days, the non-EU citizen would have to wait for 6 months to be able to enter Czech Republic again.
Tel: +420 257 40 2111
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs website informs travellers about possible dangerous areas. Nevertheless, there is no warning for this country.
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